Articles on

1 Timothy 4

1 Tim. 4:2 KJV (With Strong’s)

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2
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ho (Greek #3588)
the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom)
KJV usage: the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
Pronounce: ho
Origin: ἡ (hay), and the neuter τό (to) in all their inflections
Speaking lies
pseudologos (Greek #5573)
mendacious, i.e. promulgating erroneous Christian doctrine
KJV usage: speaking lies.
Pronounce: psyoo-dol-og'-os
Origin: from 5571 and 3004
in
en (Greek #1722)
"in," at, (up-)on, by, etc.
KJV usage: about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-)by (+ all means), for (... sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-)in(-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-)on, (open-)ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, (speedi-)ly, X that, X there(-in, -on), through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), under, when, where(-with), while, with(-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) preposition.
Pronounce: en
Origin: a primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), i.e. a relation of rest (intermediate between 1519 and 1537)
hypocrisy
hupokrisis (Greek #5272)
acting under a feigned part, i.e. (figuratively) deceit ("hypocrisy")
KJV usage: condemnation, dissimulation, hypocrisy.
Pronounce: hoop-ok'-ree-sis
Origin: from 5271
; having
kauteriazo (Greek #2743)
to brand ("cauterize"), i.e. (by implication) to render unsensitive (figuratively)
KJV usage: sear with a hot iron.
Pronounce: kow-tay-ree-ad'-zo
Origin: from a derivative of 2545
their
idios (Greek #2398)
pertaining to self, i.e. one's own; by implication, private or separate
KJV usage: X his acquaintance, when they were alone, apart, aside, due, his (own, proper, several), home, (her, our, thine, your) own (business), private(-ly), proper, severally, their (own).
Pronounce: id'-ee-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
conscience
suneidesis (Greek #4893)
co-perception, i.e. moral consciousness
KJV usage: conscience.
Pronounce: soon-i'-day-sis
Origin: from a prolonged form of 4894
seared with a hot iron
kauteriazo (Greek #2743)
to brand ("cauterize"), i.e. (by implication) to render unsensitive (figuratively)
KJV usage: sear with a hot iron.
Pronounce: kow-tay-ree-ad'-zo
Origin: from a derivative of 2545
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More on:

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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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lies.
1 Kings 13:18• 18He said unto him, I am a prophet also as thou art; and an angel spake unto me by the word of the Lord, saying, Bring him back with thee into thine house, that he may eat bread and drink water. But he lied unto him. (1 Kings 13:18)
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1 Kings 22:22• 22And the Lord said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade him, and prevail also: go forth, and do so. (1 Kings 22:22)
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Isa. 9:15• 15The ancient and honorable, he is the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he is the tail. (Isa. 9:15)
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Jer. 5:21• 21Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which have eyes, and see not; which have ears, and hear not: (Jer. 5:21)
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Jer. 23:14,32• 14I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.
32Behold, I am against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the Lord, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies, and by their lightness; yet I sent them not, nor commanded them: therefore they shall not profit this people at all, saith the Lord.
(Jer. 23:14,32)
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Dan. 8:23‑25• 23And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up.
24And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
25And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify himself in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
(Dan. 8:23‑25)
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Matt. 7:15• 15Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. (Matt. 7:15)
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Matt. 24:24• 24For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. (Matt. 24:24)
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Acts 20:30• 30Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. (Acts 20:30)
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Rom. 16:18• 18For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple. (Rom. 16:18)
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Eph. 4:14• 14That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive; (Eph. 4:14)
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2 Tim. 3:5• 5Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away. (2 Tim. 3:5)
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2 Peter 2:1‑3• 1But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction.
2And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of.
3And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
(2 Peter 2:1‑3)
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Rev. 16:14• 14For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. (Rev. 16:14)
their.
 There are thus three parties in the abandonment of the faith; first, the victims of the errors, secondly, the unseen power of evil, the spirits or demons that misled, thirdly, the legend-mongers who were the medium. (On 1 Timothy 4:1-5 by W. Kelly)
 the false teachers who were carried along by these unseen agents of evil. They were the hypocrites and they had "their own" conscience branded, in distinction from the unhappy but less guilty men who were led astray by their means. (On 1 Timothy 4:1-5 by W. Kelly)
 Seduced by demons and their conscience being seared, they forbade that which God had established in creation, that which He had given to man in full right after the flood: as though the superior holiness which they preached and relationship with a more exalted God were not consistent with such customs. (1 Timothy 4 by J.N. Darby)

J. N. Darby Translation

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2
speakingb lies in hypocrisy, cauterised as to their own conscience,

JND Translation Notes

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b
Or, perhaps, "through those who speak lies," etc. Otherwise, as translated in text, the Spirit identifies the speaker and the evil spirit which speaks by him, as commonly in the New Testament, and passes from one to the other.

W. Kelly Translation

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2
by hypocrisy of legendmongers, branded in their own conscience1,

WK Translation Notes

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1
legendmongers: The Revisers render aright the beginning of 4:2 so strangely misunderstood in the Authorized Version and elsewhere. Demons might speak lies, of course; but how can we fairly speak of their "hypocrisy," or "of their own conscience?" It is instructive to see that beside the demons there are the misleaders and the misled. Translate, therefore, "in (or through) hypocrisy of men that speak lies, cauterized in their own conscience," etc. (Bible Treasury 14:30)