Articles on

1 Timothy 4

1 Tim. 4:10 KJV (With Strong’s)

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eis (Greek #1519)
to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases
KJV usage: (abundant-)ly, against, among, as, at, (back-)ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for (intent, purpose), fore, + forth, in (among, at, unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-)on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore(-unto), throughout, til, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-)until(-to), ...ward, (where-)fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ice
Origin: a primary preposition
For
gar (Greek #1063)
properly, assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles)
KJV usage: and, as, because (that), but, even, for, indeed, no doubt, seeing, then, therefore, verily, what, why, yet.
Pronounce: gar
Origin: a primary particle
therefore
touto (Greek #5124)
that thing
KJV usage: here (-unto), it, partly, self(-same), so, that (intent), the same, there(-fore, -unto), this, thus, where(-fore).
Pronounce: too'-to
Origin: neuter singular nominative or accusative case of 3778
we
kopiao (Greek #2872)
to feel fatigue; by implication, to work hard
KJV usage: (bestow) labour, toil, be wearied.
Pronounce: kop-ee-ah'-o
Origin: from a derivative of 2873
both
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
labor
kopiao (Greek #2872)
to feel fatigue; by implication, to work hard
KJV usage: (bestow) labour, toil, be wearied.
Pronounce: kop-ee-ah'-o
Origin: from a derivative of 2873
and
kai (Greek #2532)
and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
KJV usage: and, also, both, but, even, for, if, or, so, that, then, therefore, when, yet.
Pronounce: kahee
Origin: apparently, a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force
suffer reproach
oneidizo (Greek #3679)
to defame, i.e. rail at, chide, taunt
KJV usage: cast in teeth, (suffer) reproach, revile, upbraid.
Pronounce: on-i-did'-zo
Origin: from 3681
, because
hoti (Greek #3754)
demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because
KJV usage: as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.
Pronounce: hot'-ee
Origin: neuter of 3748 as conjunction
we trust
elpizo (Greek #1679)
to expect or confide
KJV usage: (have, thing) hope(-d) (for), trust.
Pronounce: el-pid'-zo
Origin: from 1680
in
epi (Greek #1909)
properly, meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
KJV usage: about (the times), above, after, against, among, as long as (touching), at, beside, X have charge of, (be-, (where-))fore, in (a place, as much as, the time of, -to), (because) of, (up-)on (behalf of), over, (by, for) the space of, through(-out), (un-)to(-ward), with. In compounds it retains essentially the same import, at, upon, etc. (literally or figuratively).
Pronounce: ep-ee'
Origin: a primary preposition
the living
zao (Greek #2198)
to live (literally or figuratively)
KJV usage: life(-time), (a-)live(-ly), quick.
Pronounce: dzah'-o
Origin: a primary verb
God
theos (Greek #2316)
a deity, especially (with 3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very
KJV usage: X exceeding, God, god(-ly, -ward).
Pronounce: theh'-os
Origin: of uncertain affinity
, who
hos (Greek #3739)
the relatively (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that
KJV usage: one, (an-, the) other, some, that, what, which, who(-m, -se), etc. See also 3757.
Pronounce: hos
Origin: ἥ (hay), and neuter ὅ (ho) probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article 3588)
is
esti (Greek #2076)
he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are
KJV usage: are, be(-long), call, X can(-not), come, consisteth, X dure for a while, + follow, X have, (that) is (to say), make, meaneth, X must needs, + profit, + remaineth, + wrestle.
Pronounce: es-tee'
Origin: third person singular present indicative of 1510
the Saviour
soter (Greek #4990)
a deliverer, i.e. God or Christ
KJV usage: saviour.
Pronounce: so-tare'
Origin: from 4982
of all
pas (Greek #3956)
apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole
KJV usage: all (manner of, means), alway(-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no(-thing), X thoroughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.
Pronounce: pas
Origin: including all the forms of declension
men
anthropos (Greek #444)
man-faced, i.e. a human being
KJV usage: certain, man.
Pronounce: anth'-ro-pos
Origin: from 435 and ὤψ (the countenance; from 3700)
, specially
malista (Greek #3122)
(adverbially) most (in the greatest degree) or particularly
KJV usage: chiefly, most of all, (e-)specially.
Pronounce: mal'-is-tah
Origin: neuter plural of the superlative of an apparently primary adverb μάλα (very)
of those that believe
pistos (Greek #4103)
objectively, trustworthy; subjectively, trustful
KJV usage: believe(-ing, -r), faithful(-ly), sure, true.
Pronounce: pis-tos'
Origin: from 3982
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Cross References

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Ministry on This Verse

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therefore.
1 Cor. 4:9‑13• 9For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.
10We are fools for Christ's sake, but ye are wise in Christ; we are weak, but ye are strong; ye are honorable, but we are despised.
11Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwellingplace;
12And labor, working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it:
13Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the world, and are the offscouring of all things unto this day.
(1 Cor. 4:9‑13)
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2 Cor. 4:8‑10• 8We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair;
9Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed;
10Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body.
(2 Cor. 4:8‑10)
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2 Cor. 6:3‑10• 3Giving no offence in any thing, that the ministry be not blamed:
4But in all things approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses,
5In stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings;
6By pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Ghost, by love unfeigned,
7By the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,
8By honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report: as deceivers, and yet true;
9As unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed;
10As sorrowful, yet alway rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.
(2 Cor. 6:3‑10)
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2 Cor. 11:23‑27• 23Are they ministers of Christ? (I speak as a fool) I am more; in labors more abundant, in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft.
24Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one.
25Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;
26In journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren;
27In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.
(2 Cor. 11:23‑27)
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2 Tim. 2:9‑10• 9Wherein I suffer trouble, as an evil doer, even unto bonds; but the word of God is not bound.
10Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
(2 Tim. 2:9‑10)
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2 Tim. 3:10‑12• 10But thou hast fully known my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, charity, patience,
11Persecutions, afflictions, which came unto me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; what persecutions I endured: but out of them all the Lord delivered me.
12Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution.
(2 Tim. 3:10‑12)
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Heb. 11:26• 26Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward. (Heb. 11:26)
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Heb. 13:13• 13Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach. (Heb. 13:13)
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1 Peter 4:14‑15• 14If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
15But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evildoer, or as a busybody in other men's matters.
(1 Peter 4:14‑15)
because.
1 Tim. 6:17• 17Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; (1 Tim. 6:17)
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Psa. 37:40• 40And the Lord shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and save them, because they trust in him. (Psa. 37:40)
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Psa. 52:8• 8But I am like a green olive tree in the house of God: I trust in the mercy of God for ever and ever. (Psa. 52:8)
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Psa. 84:12• 12O Lord of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee. (Psa. 84:12)
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Psa. 118:8• 8It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in man. (Psa. 118:8)
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Isa. 12:2• 2Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the Lord JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation. (Isa. 12:2)
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Isa. 50:10• 10Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God. (Isa. 50:10)
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Jer. 17:7• 7Blessed is the man that trusteth in the Lord, and whose hope the Lord is. (Jer. 17:7)
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Dan. 3:28• 28Then Nebuchadnezzar spake, and said, Blessed be the God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, who hath sent his angel, and delivered his servants that trusted in him, and have changed the king's word, and yielded their bodies, that they might not serve nor worship any god, except their own God. (Dan. 3:28)
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Nah. 1:7• 7The Lord is good, a strong hold in the day of trouble; and he knoweth them that trust in him. (Nah. 1:7)
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Matt. 27:43• 43He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God. (Matt. 27:43)
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Rom. 15:12‑13• 12And again, Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.
13Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.
(Rom. 15:12‑13)
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1 Peter 1:21• 21Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God. (1 Peter 1:21)
the living.
the saviour.
1 Tim. 2:4,6• 4Who will have all men to be saved, and to come unto the knowledge of the truth.
6Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.
(1 Tim. 2:4,6)
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Psa. 36:6• 6Thy righteousness is like the great mountains; thy judgments are a great deep: O Lord, thou preservest man and beast. (Psa. 36:6)
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Psa. 107:2,6‑43• 2Let the redeemed of the Lord say so, whom he hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy;
6Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble, and he delivered them out of their distresses.
7And he led them forth by the right way, that they might go to a city of habitation.
8Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
9For he satisfieth the longing soul, and filleth the hungry soul with goodness.
10Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron;
11Because they rebelled against the words of God, and contemned the counsel of the most High:
12Therefore he brought down their heart with labor; they fell down, and there was none to help.
13Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble, and he saved them out of their distresses.
14He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death, and brake their bands in sunder.
15Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
16For he hath broken the gates of brass, and cut the bars of iron in sunder.
17Fools because of their transgression, and because of their iniquities, are afflicted.
18Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death.
19Then they cry unto the Lord in their trouble, and he saveth them out of their distresses.
20He sent his word, and healed them, and delivered them from their destructions.
21Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
22And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.
23They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters;
24These see the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the deep.
25For he commandeth, and raiseth the stormy wind, which lifteth up the waves thereof.
26They mount up to the heaven, they go down again to the depths: their soul is melted because of trouble.
27They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits' end.
28Then they cry unto the Lord in their trouble, and he bringeth them out of their distresses.
29He maketh the storm a calm, so that the waves thereof are still.
30Then are they glad because they be quiet; so he bringeth them unto their desired haven.
31Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!
32Let them exalt him also in the congregation of the people, and praise him in the assembly of the elders.
33He turneth rivers into a wilderness, and the watersprings into dry ground;
34A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
35He turneth the wilderness into a standing water, and dry ground into watersprings.
36And there he maketh the hungry to dwell, that they may prepare a city for habitation;
37And sow the fields, and plant vineyards, which may yield fruits of increase.
38He blesseth them also, so that they are multiplied greatly; and suffereth not their cattle to decrease.
39Again, they are minished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow.
40He poureth contempt upon princes, and causeth them to wander in the wilderness, where there is no way.
41Yet setteth he the poor on high from affliction, and maketh him families like a flock.
42The righteous shall see it, and rejoice: and all iniquity shall stop her mouth.
43Whoso is wise, and will observe these things, even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the Lord.
(Psa. 107:2,6‑43)
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Isa. 45:21‑22• 21Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the Lord? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.
22Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.
(Isa. 45:21‑22)
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John 1:29• 29The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. (John 1:29)
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John 3:15‑17• 15That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.
16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
17For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.
(John 3:15‑17)
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1 John 2:2• 2And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world. (1 John 2:2)
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1 John 4:14• 14And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world. (1 John 4:14)
specially.
 The highest truths do not supersede or even enfeeble the unchanging truth in its lowest range of application every day. It is the unfailing mark of the heterodox where it is so; and this let faithful men note well. (On 1 Timothy 4:6-16 by W. Kelly)
 It was this same only God, Creator and Saviour, in whom he trusted while laboring for the Lord. (1 Timothy 4 by J.N. Darby)
 We may be prepared to labor and be prominent before men, and thus labor and gain applause, or labor to exalt self. But if piety is behind our labor, it will inevitably mean labor and reproach. (Warnings Against Religious Flesh and Instruction in Piety: 1 Timothy 4 by H. Smith)

J. N. Darby Translation

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10
for, for this we labour and suffer reproach, because we hope in a living God, who is preserver of all men, specially of those that believe.

W. Kelly Translation

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10
for unto this end we labour andsuffer reproach, because we have our hope set on a living God who is Saviour of all men, especially of faithful [men1].

WK Translation Notes

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1
^ labor... suffer reproach: "Both" is not represented in the oldest copies, nor in any ancient versions, contrary to Text. Rec.—But ἀγωνιζὸμεθα "we strive," or "we combat," is supported by אpm A C Fgr Ggr K and eight cursives against the rest which have ὀνειδιζομθα as in Text. Rec. (Exp. of the Two Epist. to Timothy, p.84)
Savior: "Savior" goes too far in 10, which should rather be "preserver" (Bible Treasury 14:30)